Database Management Basics

Database management is a system of managing information that a company needs to run its business operations. It involves storing and distributing data it to applications and users and editing it when needed and monitoring changes to data and stopping data corruption due unexpected failure. It is a component of the informational infrastructure of a company which supports decision-making, corporate growth, and compliance with laws like the GDPR and California Consumer Privacy Act.

In the 1960s, Charles Bachman and IBM along with other companies developed the first database systems. They developed into information management systems (IMS) that allowed the storage and retrieve massive amounts of data for a wide range of purposes, from calculating inventory to supporting complex financial accounting and human resources functions.

A database is a set of tables that arrange data in accordance with an established pattern, such as one-to-many relationships. It utilizes primary key to identify records and permits cross-references among tables. Each table is comprised of a set of fields called attributes that provide information about data entities. The most widely used kind of database is a relational model developed by E. F. “Ted” Codd at IBM in the 1970s. This model is based upon normalizing the data, making chalosoft.tk it easier to use. It is also simpler to update data because it doesn’t require the modification of certain sections of the database.

Most DBMSs support multiple types of databases, offering internal and external levels of organization. The internal level deals with costs, scalability, and other operational concerns like the layout of the physical storage. The external level is the representation of the database on user interfaces and applications. It could comprise a mix of various external views based on different data models and may include virtual table that are calculated using generic data to improve the performance.

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